Recognizing the need to continuously reconsider how humans connect to their physical environment, includes nuancing identifications of who is related to a specific place. The Scandinavian and Australian perspectives in this book throw fresh light on these questions and explore new possibilities and challenges in uncertain and changing landscapes of the future. Broadly speaking, some parts of agriculture are understood to belong to nature in Sweden through a long history. Regional variations and differences between certain categories of farmers have also been investigated. In general, open forests were considered most attractive for recreation but 74% of the respondents claimed that they preferred a mix of open and closed forest. Benefits, difficulties and challenges of participation under the European Landscape Convention Marie Stenseke and Michael JonesIndex Responsibility: edited by Michael Jones, Marie Stenseke.
The study therefore indicates that several reasons for incommensurable preferences may exist and that it is possible to measure these reasons in contingent valuation surveys in order to judge the validity of the welfare measures in environmental policy decision-making. Three case studies have been performed, each in a specific area; Faringtofta parish in an intermediate area in the mid north of Skane, Bosarp area in the plains outside Trelleborg, and Luttra parish in Vastergotland, with mainly open land. The book examines both the theory of participation and what lessons can be learnt from specific European examples. Public ecology exists at the interface of science and policy. The participatory dimension in nature conservation processes: Examples of; ideology and practice from Norway; Karoline Daugstad; 5. Regional Landscape Strategies and public participation: Towards implementing; the European Landscape Convention in Sweden; Anders Larsson, Anna Peterson, Elinor Bjarnborg, Christine Haaland, and Mats; Gyllin; 14. It applies to all landscapes, not just selected ones, and underlines the diversity of landscapes as a value.
The spatial dimension of sustainability is considered by examining the farmers as actors in a local rural system. Regional Landscape Strategies and public participation: Towards implementing the European Landscape Convention in Sweden Anders Larsson, Anna Peterson, Elinor Bjarnborg, Christine Haaland, and Mats Gyllin 14. Landscapes undergo changes in structure and function at multiple temporal and spatial levels. We conclude that when land use change in the landscape surrounding an object, important additional effects on the different values are found. Participation within the landscape of the River Dart Catchment, Devon, England Neil Spencer13.
Van den Berg 2000; Bridgewater 2002. A conceptual and methodological reflection from research-action projects; in France; Yves Michelin, Thierry Joliveau, and Claire Planchat-Hery; 9. It examines both the theory of participation and what lessons can be learnt from specific European examples. Samtidigt blir sådant som kiting och brädsporter upplevelseorienterade och tävlingskritiska. Scenario visualisation by photorealistic design techniques proved to be a helpful tool for researchers in communicating the proposed landscape changes to stakeholders. In a field experiment we found that understory density was greatly influenced by management, but effects appeared to be site-dependent.
In this article, a couple of Swedish cases serve as points of departure for a better understanding of the prerequisites and critical aspects as regards an increased local involvement in landscape management. The book examines both the theory of participation and what lessons can be learnt from specific European examples. You should start right now! Regional Landscape Strategies and public participation: Towards implementing the European Landscape Convention in Sweden Anders Larsson, Anna Peterson, Elinor Bjarnborg, Christine Haaland, and Mats Gyllin 14. In order to improve management and planning processes, outdoor recreation needs to be institutionalized, and receive its own management guidelines and formal process agendas. Special attention has been paid to the ability of incidental nature experience to redirect attention from a primary activity toward an unplanned focus in this case, nature phenomena. Landscape perception through participation: Developing new tools for landscape; analysis in local planning processes in Norway; Morten Clemetsen, Erling Krogh, and Kine Halvorsen Thoren; 12.
The pattern of traffic and transportation is the main obstacle for the integration of eco-cycling for sustainable development in Skane and Sweden. This important and insightful book provides, for the first time, a broad presentation of ongoing research into public participation in landscape conservation, management and planning, following the 2000 European Landscape Convention which came into force in 2004. Landscape regulation in regional territorial planning: A view from Spain Berezi Elorrieta and Dolores Sanchez-Aguilera 7. The spectrum of participatory methods and communicative concepts examined indicates a need for mediation and arbitration. The project was carried out as a case study among ordinary farmers. The authors suggest that strict protection of threatened areas must be combined with involvement by local economies and societies.
Apart from interviews, general statistics and maps have been used. Particular attention is given to: the role of stakeholders, participation by communities-of-interest and communities-of-place; the management of specific landscape features; and policy and funding frameworks. Preface Contributing authors Introduction 1. Positive lessons and cases of good practice show, nonetheless, that there are democratic gains to be made from participation. The book examines the experience of regions around the world where this approach has been tried, drawing upon the insights of political scientists, economists and social psychologists.
Placing objects in a larger spatial context and combining several different aspects into a landscape perspective, will improve long-term preservation of values associated to semi-natural grasslands. In a time of uncertainty and climate change, how much can we hold onto ideals of nature rooted in a pristine and stable past? This book presents examples from farmers, gardens and Indigenous communities, among others, and shows that many people and communities are already actively engaging with environmental change and uncertainty. One of these is the landscape biographical approach that is now developing in several European countries, particularly in The Netherlands. It fitted into their way of thinking and their farming practice, though farmers were not willing to immediately give up methods and routines developed through modern agriculture. It explores in what manner and to what extent the provisions for participation in the European Landscape Convention have been followed up and implemented. It is concluded that community-based initiatives are unlikely to substitute for formal management of extensive protected areas, but that participatory approaches can be effective in more targeted situations. Public ecology is an approach to environmental inquiry and decision making that does not expect scientific knowledge to be perfect or complete.
However, while the book's focus is necessarily on Europe, many of the conclusions drawn are of global relevance. It also presents and compares different experiences of participation in selected countries from northern, southern, eastern and western Europe, and provides a critical examination of public participation in practice. The meaning s of the concept, however, are fuzzy, and conditions for fruitful implementation have only been investigated to a limited extent. They are subject to large differences in human pressure. A review of research on community participation reveals some essential aspects; power relations, participants, the institutional framework, organisation, communication, knowledge building, monitoring and contextual factors. The role of information, knowledge and acceptance during landowner; participation in the Natura 2000 designations: The cases of Otepaa and; Konnumaa, Estonia; Monika SuA! Landscape characterisation and community involvement is discussed in relation to three dimensions: the landscape as a common good; landscape rights; and the landscape as a development factor. In addition to food production, multifunctionality of landscapes, including values and ecosystem services like biodiversity, recreation and culture, is now focus for management.