The basic idea is you will review the literature in the field 'process' and then write a brief summary of the article and their findings 'product'. Analyse the literature you have found In order for your writing to reflect strong critical analysis, you need to evaluate the sources. Most literature reviews are done using online services, such as PsycInfo or ScienceDirect. It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one. Process Literature reviews are simultaneously the easiest and most frustrating part of a research study to complete. Maybe you can adapt your study to answer questions that others are having trouble with.
The purpose of the literature review A literature review tells us what is known by sharing the results of prior studies related to your own. There are two reasons to perform a literature review. This means that when a study is published, the literature review section will be included. Body paragraphs Each body paragraph should deal with a different theme that is relevant to your topic. You will need to critically analyse each source for how they contribute to the themes you are researching. For example, you might cluster prior research by media type, communication situation, similar findings, key themes, respondent type, or other useful distinction. Whatever organizing scheme you choose, it is typical to present the most important, relevant, or strongest collection of existing research first, and go from there.
. The first is found in the process of reading what is present in the field. In one week, that's 7-21. Researchers often talk about the same processes — just in somewhat different ways. What is a literature review? You will read, not skim, your chosen articles and look for relevant information to your study in the articles' methods, results, and discussion. Sometimes you will focus only on the results, sometimes it will be on the studies' participants, and sometimes it will just be what the researchers missed or didn't look at. The specifics of how all that works is a little more advanced than we need to get into in this lesson, but I thought it'd be good for you to get some exposure to what a proper literature review looks like.
The second reason is that writing down what is happening in the field gives readers a basic understanding of current research and points out the gap your research is going to fill. We will get into some tricks on how to cut down on the useless articles a little later. Tricks In case you ever have to do a literature review, there are a couple of tricks that come with experience. Typically, this is the second section in a research article or book, after the introduction but before the methodology. Otherwise, use your own words. At postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis. Finally, because people reading your paper or dissertation may not be familiar with your area of research, be careful not to weigh down your literature review in field-specific jargon.
The process is collecting professional information easy and then sifting through dozens or hundreds of articles to find a few dozen good ones frustrating. Select appropriate source material: Use a variety of academic or scholarly sources that are relevant, current and authoritative. Now you have to write your literature review. If not, there should be a narrative logic to the review presentation. A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources, or literature, on a particular topic. The Library would be the best place to search for your sources.
What are you searching the literature to discover? Yes, you may have an original and brilliant idea that can be researched, but you have to know what is out there before you start something, because your original and brilliant idea may have already been done! You need to be familiar with the terminology of a field and what prior research and experiments relate to your own work. It is important that you write in clear and active prose. It slows down your narrative. Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on. Why do we write literature reviews? It shows how your study seeks to fill a gap in, or extend, our knowledge in this area. Another way to add value is to identify conceptual linkages among ideas and authors.
Your lecturer will advise you on these details. What are you being asked to do in your literature review? In a literature review, you can have headings Human Minds and subheadings Learning. An extensive review of relevant material will include — books, journal articles, reports, government documents, conference proceedings and web resources. This is an important introductory sentence that will tell your reader what the topic is and the overall perspective or argument you will be presenting. Organizing the literature review A good literature review is a synthesis of prior research presented in a way that adds value to our understanding of that work. The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion. At undergraduate level literature reviews can be a separate stand alone assessment.
The term is applied to both the act of reviewing published literature and the section of your own written work that discusses the research you did. Purpose Do you realize how much information is out there? What It Looks Like Literature review excerpt Above is an excerpt from my own dissertation. It is typically the second section in a research article or project. It involves locating articles and information relevant to your topic and then summarizing what you've found. In your literature review, you'll include a very brief summary of the most relevant and interesting parts of the research you read about.
It could be from five sources at first year undergraduate level to more than fifty for a thesis. A literature review offers a benchmark for assessing your own results. Do an extensive search of the literature Find out what has been written on the topic. At the top are search bars allowing you to search topics as broad as 'Psychology' or as specific as 'Lysergic Acid Diethylamide Effects on Prenatal Rats. At university you may be asked to write a literature review in order to demonstrate your understanding of the literature on a particular topic.
In the conclusion to your study you will revisit the literature review armed with your new findings. Literature review is the process and product of examining published material. Lesson Summary A literature review is a process and product of examining published material. It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation. The number of sources that you will be required to review will depend on what the literature review is for and how advanced you are in your studies. These details will save you time later. A literature review places your study within a larger body of work.